The Princeton Cemetery|
of the Nassau Presbyterian Church
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|This numbered, alphabetical key to the Cemetery map highlights some of the monuments deemed to be of greatest historical interest to most visitors:|
1. ARCHIBALD ALEXANDER (1772-1851), who became the first professor at the Princeton Theological Seminary in 1812, had previously been pastor of the Third Presbyterian Church
in Philadelphia and president of Hampden-Sydney College in Virginia. At the time of his death he was considered to be one of the most influential theologians in the country.
2. J. PAUL BALDEAGLE (1896-1970), known by his courtesy title of Chief Baldeagle, was a well-liked Native American who taught school for many years in Bordentown, and in retirement he worked at the Firestone Library of the University. He bequeathed his extensive collection of Native American artifacts to the New Jersey State Museum in Trenton.
3. GEORGE DASHIELL BAYARD (1835-1862), a West Point graduate, served on frontier duty and later in the Union army in several Civil War battles. As a brigadier general under General Ambrose E. Burnside, he died at the battle of Fredericksburg, Virginia, just four days short of his twenty-seventh birthday.
4. SYLVIA BEACH (1887-1962), whose father was pastor of the First Presbyterian Church, founded Shakespeare & Company, a Paris bookshop which became a focus for struggling expatriate writers. In 1922 she published James Joyce's Ulysses when others considered it obscene, and she defiantly closed her shop in 1941 in protest against the Nazi occupation.
5. JOHN BERRIEN (1712?-1772) was a member of the New Jersey Assembly from 1763 to 1765 and a Colonial Justice of the Supreme Court of New Jersey from 1764 until his death. His Rocky Hill farmhouse, Rockingham, later served as Washington's headquarters for several months in 1783 when the Continental Congress convened in Nassau Hall.
6. WILLIAM ROBERT BONTHRON (1912-1983), a Detroit native and scholarly University track star, set an American record for the mile of 4:08.7 in 1933, and in 1934 he won the Sullivan Medal as "the foremost amateur athlete in the country."
7. AARON BURR, JR. (1756-1836) was a colonel in the Army of the Revolution and the third vice president of the United States from 1801 to 1805. However, he is probably better known for his duel with Alexander Hamilton. Burr is buried at the foot of his father's grave and near that of his grandfather, Jonathan Edwards, both former presidents of the College.
8. GUY CHEW (1804?-1826), the first Native American known to have been buried in the Cemetery, was a Mohawk who became a Christian when he was eighteen, studied for three years at a mission school, and died while preparing for missionary work at the Princeton Theological Seminary.
9. (STEPHEN) GROVER CLEVELAND (1837-1908), a New Jersey native and a lawyer, was mayor of Buffalo, governor of New York, and twice president of the United States from 1885 to 1889 and from 1893 to 1897. His birthday (March 18) is celebrated at the Cemetery with a short eulogy and wreath-laying ceremony by a military honor guard from Fort Dix.
10. CHARLES ROSENBURY ERDMAN (1866-1960) was a professor at the Princeton Theological Seminary for thirty-one years, ten of which he also served as pastor of the First Presbyterian Church. In addition, he was moderator of the General Assembly of the Presbyterian Church as well as a prolific writer and lecturer. The Seminary's Erdman Hall at 20 Library Place, the site of his home for fifty-five years, was dedicated in 1971 in honor of him and his wife.
11. JOHN HUSTON FINLEY (1863-1940), a professor of politics at the University and president of several colleges, received many international honors for his accomplishments. He retired in 1938 as editor in chief of The New York Times.
12. GEORGE H. GALLUP (1901-1984) was a distinguished statistician and journalist whose pioneering work in public-opinion and market research set new standards. He founded the American Institute of Public Opinion in 1935, and he is especially remembered for his Gallup Poll of the American electorate.
13. KURT GÖDEL (1906-1978), a world-class mathematician famous for a vast array of major contributions to logic, was a longtime professor at the Institute for Advanced Study, founded in 1930. He was a corecipient of the Einstein Award in 1951.
14. REX GORELEIGH (1902-1986), for many years a well-respected African American teacher with the Princeton Art Association, is known for his numerous paintings depicting the lives of migrant farm workers in the New Jersey area.
15. ARNOLD HENRY GUYOT (1807-1884), a professor of physical geography and geology for thirty years at the College, studied the structure and movement of glaciers and initiated the scientific presentation of geography. He managed the meteorological department of the Smithsonian Institution, and his methodology for weather observation still stands.
16. WILLIAM H. HAHN, JR. (1905-1980), buried in his large family plot, is known for the epitaph on his flat Quebec-granite headstone saying, "I told you I was sick." Thought to be in failing health, he ordered the inscription a week or so before his death.
17. CHARLES HODGE (1797-1878), a professor for fifty-six years at the Princeton Theological Seminary, was the author of the popular Bible Commentaries. Hodge Road, dating from the late 1880's, was named in his memory. Both his son and grandson followed in his footsteps on the faculty of the Seminary.
18. CHRISTINE MOORE HOWELL (1899-1972) was the first African American to graduate from Princeton High School. She studied chemistry in Paris and operated a highly successful hairdressing business with a wide clientele in her father's buildings at 4, 6, and 10 Spring Street.
19. DAVID HUNTER (1802-1886), a West Point graduate and grandson of Richard Stockton, Sr. (a signer of the Declaration of Independence), served on frontier duty and in the Union army in the Civil War. He later presided at the trial of Lincoln's assassins and retired as a major general.
20. LAURENCE HUTTON (1843-1904), literary editor of Harper's Magazine for twelve years and lecturer on English literature at the University, was known for his series of books on "literary landmarks" of various major cities of the world. Mark Twain was a frequent visitor at the Hutton's home in Princeton and seriously considered moving here.
21. JAMES C. JOHNSON (1816-1902), known as Jimmy, was a runaway slave employed by the College where he became "the students' friend." He was discovered in 1843 after four years of freedom, but a "kindhearted woman of Princeton," Theodora Prevost, bought his freedom for $550 which he eventually repaid.
22. JOSEPH KARGÉ (1823-1892) was a Polish patriot who was captured fighting the Germans in 1848 and escaped to the United States. He became a Union general in the Civil War and later a professor of language and literature at the College.
23. BERNARD KILGORE (1908-1967) was president of Dow Jones & Company which has published The Wall Street Journal since 1889. He was also owner and publisher of The Princeton Packet, the town's first newspaper which was founded in 1786 and continues to this day.
24. DONALD LAMBERT (1904-1962), who was born in Princeton, was a popular African American jazz musician and composer who played the piano for many years in a Newark nightclub. Fellow musicians were responsible for his monument which displays the musical theme which he composed and by which he was widely known by his many enthusiastic fans.
25. KARL A. LANGLOTZ (1834-1915), the Church organist and a faculty member of the College, composed the music of the College anthem, Old Nassau, in 1859. He had studied music under Franz Liszt in Weimar and once played the violin in an orchestra conducted by Richard Wagner. His monument was erected by appreciative alumni "in praise of Old Nassau."
26. MARGARET LEONARD (1736?-1760), whose grave is the second oldest in the Cemetery after that of Aaron Burr, Sr., was related by marriage to Judge Thomas Leonard whose land became the original part of the Cemetery, the Old Graveyard (see map), in 1757.
27. PAUL MATTHEWS (1866-1954) was the Episcopal Bishop of New Jersey from 1915 to 1937. Merwick, his home at 79 Bayard Lane for forty-two years, became the long-term care and rehabilitation unit of the Medical Center at Princeton in 1957.
28. JAMES ILEY McCORD (1919-1990) was the fourth president of the Princeton Theological Seminary which, although founded in 1812, had no president until 1902. Dr. McCord founded the nearby Center of Theological Inquiry in 1978 to study the relationship of theology with non-theological disciplines. The Center is housed in Luce Hall, the handsome red brick building at 50 Stockton Street, completed in 1985 through the generosity of The Henry Luce Foundation.
29. SAMUEL MERSHON (1750-1813), member of a prominent Huguenot family which had intermarried with the FitzRandolphs and the Stocktons (#44 and #45), is identified as "a soldier of the Revolution" on his replacement monument. The original, still-legible marker is located to the immediate right of the new one.
30. SAMUEL MILLER (1769-1850) was a professor of ecclesiastical history and church government from 1813 to 1849 at the Princeton Theological Seminary where Miller Chapel was later named in his honor. The Nassau Club has been housed since 1903 in the residence that Prof. Miller built for himself in 1814 at 6 Mercer Street, not far from the Seminary campus.
31. BERKELEY A. MILLS (1896-1955), who was the first African American letter carrier in Princeton, served in the army in both world wars and retired as a lieutenant colonel. He founded the New Jersey State Association of the Elks.
32. VIRGINIA F. MILLS (1901-1989), who was the first African American owner and operator of a hairdressing business in Princeton, is fondly remembered as a personable and generous benefactor of the community. She is especially appreciated for having purchased many Cemetery plots for those who were financially unable to do so themselves.
33. JOHN (HENRY) O'HARA (1905-1970) was a voluminous and much-honored writer. His novels, Appointment in Samarra (1934) and Ten North Frederick (1955), and his collection of short stories, Pal Joey (1940), are among his best-known works.
34. EDGAR PALMER (1880-1943) had numerous business interests and was chairman of the board of the New Jersey Zinc Company. He was a generous benefactor of the University, and one of his most prominent legacies to the town was the construction of Palmer Square in 1929.
35. ROGER ATKINSON PRYOR (1828-1919) was a brigadier general in the Confederate army during the Civil War. Impoverished by the war, he later prospered as a newspaperman, lawyer, and judge "in the arms of the enemy" in New York City.
36. SARA AGNES PRYOR (1830-1912) was a founder of the National Society of the Daughters of the American Revolution.
37. MOSES TAYLOR PYNE (1855-1921), a financier and philanthropist, was the "best-known and -loved Princeton alumnus" who gave much of his fortune and energy to the University. It was said that he "did more for Princeton than any other man has done for any college." His Princeton home, Drumthwacket, is now the official residence of the governor of New Jersey.
38. WILLIAM DREW ROBESON (1845-1918) and MARIA LOUISA BUSTILL ROBESON (1853-1904) were the parents of Paul (Leroy) Robeson (1898-1976), the African American concert singer and actor famous for his principal roles in Emperor Jones and Othello. Paul Robeson, a native of Princeton after whom a nearby street was renamed in his memory the year he died (see map), is buried in Ferncliff Cemetery in Hartsdale, New York.
39. DICKINSON SHEPHERD (1737?-1761) was a "student of Nassau Hall" when he died at the age of twenty-four. His grave is the third oldest in the Cemetery, although the original flat marble marker is currently in the collections of the University.
40. BARBARA BOGGS SIGMUND (1939-1990), whose epitaph refers to her "passion for beauty and justice," was a highly respected mayor (Democratic) of Princeton Borough from 1984 until her untimely death from cancer in 1990. Both her parents served their home state of Louisiana in the United States House of Representatives.
41. H. ALEXANDER SMITH (1880-1966) was a lawyer and United States senator (Republican) from New Jersey from 1944 to 1959.
42. LYMAN SPITZER, JR. (1914-1997), a professor of astronomy at the University for thirty-five years and director of its observatory, is known for his diverse and important contributions to plasma physics and space exploration. In 1951 he started Project Matterhorn, which became the Plasma Physics Laboratory in 1961, at the University's Forrestal Research Center.
43. WILLIAM MILLIGAN SLOANE (1850-1928), a longtime professor of history and political science at the College and then at Columbia University, served for over thirty years on the International Olympic Committee. The founder and first president of the United States Olympic Committee, he escorted the first American Olympic team to Athens in 1896.
44. RICHARD STOCKTON, JR. (1764-1828), a lawyer and son of a signer of the Declaration of Independence, was a statesman (Federalist) who served his native New Jersey nationally, first in the Senate from 1796 to 1799 and then in the House of Representatives from 1813 to 1815. Known as the Old Duke, he failed four times to be elected governor of New Jersey.
45. ROBERT FIELD STOCKTON (1795-1866), a naval officer and son of Richard Stockton, Jr. (#44), fought both slave traders and pirates. Commodore Stockton set up a government in California, helped establish Liberia, and was a United States senator (Democratic) from New Jersey from 1851 to 1853. He was also president of the Delaware & Raritan Canal.
46. ELIZABETH S. THOMPSON ( ? -1852) and two of her five children, MARY and EUGENE, were among seventy-two people who perished when the Hudson River steamboat, Henry Clay, caught fire and ran ashore on 28 July 1852. The captain had ordered the safety valve on the boilers tied down and was illegally racing another steamboat at the time of the tragedy.
47. WILLIAM G. THOMPSON (1840-1904), a staff officer in the Union army during the Civil War, was twice elected mayor of Detroit.
48. PAUL TULANE (1801-1887), a Princeton-area native who became a highly successful dry-goods merchant in New Orleans and elsewhere, was widely known for his philanthropy toward Tulane University, the First Presbyterian Church, and numerous other charitable causes.
49. HENRY VAN DYKE (1852-1933) was a distinguished Presbyterian clergyman, popular professor of English at the University, and United States minister to Luxembourg and the Netherlands. He was also a novelist, poet, and editor whose fifty or so works include his Christmas story, entitled The Other Wise Man (1896), and Fisherman's Luck (1899).
50. JOHN VON NEUMANN (1903-1957) was a world-famous mathematician who contributed enormously to the fields of computer science, game theory, and theoretical physics. He was a professor at both the University and the Institute for Advanced Study.
51. HOWARD B. WAXWOOD, JR. (1904-1977), one of the first African Americans to graduate from Princeton High School, became principal of the first integrated elementary school in Princeton, now the John Witherspoon Middle School, in 1947.
52. ANDREW FLEMING WEST (1853-1943), Giger professor of Latin ("the gold standard of education") for forty-five years at the University, was the first dean of the Graduate School from 1901 to 1928. He committed his prodigious organizing and fund-raising talents toward the establishment of the off-campus, residential Graduate College, dedicated in 1913.
53. CANVASS WHITE (1790-1834), the inventor of waterproof concrete, helped design the Erie Canal as well as several other major ones. In addition, he was chief engineer for construction of the Delaware & Raritan Canal and the Lehigh Canal.
54. THOMAS WIGGINS (1731?-1801) was a physician whose bequest significantly enlarged the Cemetery. The large, old elm behind his grave has partially encircled several monuments belonging to his relatives and is one of the finest trees standing in the Cemetery. Great efforts are continually being made to prevent Dutch elm disease from destroying this historic tree.
55. EUGENE PAUL WIGNER (1902-1995) was a professor of theoretical physics for thirty-three years at the University. He shared the Nobel Prize for physics in 1963 for his principles governing the interactions of atomic nuclear particles.
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